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The Welfare System Makes People Dependent

One of the many reasons why America is called The Land of Opportunity is because its citizens can move up in socio-economic status through hard work and dedication. However, when U.S. citizens fall on hard times, government-established programs offer financial assistance. The history of welfare reform reveals that the question of personal responsibility versus assistance to those in need has been a constant in the debate over welfare. In the 1950s and 1960s, welfare reform was limited to various states attempts to impose residency requirements on welfare applicants and remove illegitimate children from the welfare rolls. During the 1970s advocates of welfare reform promoted the theory of workfare. The idea initially referred to working off welfare payments through public service jobs, but it developed into the concept of using training and education to help recipients gain independence. By the 1980s workfare had emerged as the future of welfare reform. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, popularly known as the Welfare Reform Act, made personal responsibility and work central to the welfare agenda. (WelfareA Brief History, n.d.) Due to the current economic

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